It was designed to be fired primarily from the ground using the bipod and monopod, but could also be fired from the shoulder using the folded bipod as a shoulder rest and the monopod as a front grip. In 1753, the "secret howitzer", a special gun with an oval bore—intended to spread shot even wider—was briefly introduced into Russian service, but ultimately proved unsuccessful. ... – Anti-personnel … Shrapnel remained their primary anti personnel weapon into WW1, and always the ammunition … Direct fire refers to the launching of a projectile directly at a target within the line-of-sight of the firer. Canister shot has been used since the advent of gunpowder-firing artillery in Western armies. During the Korean War United Nations tanks experienced close-range massed infantry attacks from Communist forces. Several of his cannons, still loaded with spikes and shot, have been recovered from the wreck site of his flagship, the Queen Anne's Revenge. Canister shot consists of a closed metal cylinder typically loosely filled with round lead or iron balls packed with sawdust to add more solidity and cohesion to the mass and to prevent the balls from crowding each other when the round was fired. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. At times when the supply of balls was limited, nails, scrap iron or lead, wire, and other similar metal objects were included. As a consequence a canister-type tank round was introduced to "sweep" enemy infantry off friendly tanks without harming friendly tank crews, who were behind canister-proof armour. Shrapnel is named after Major-General Henry Shrapnel (1761–1842), a British artillery officer, whose experiments, initially conducted on his own time and at his own expense, culminated in the design and development of a new type of artillery shell. Canister shot was also used to good effect by U.S. Marine 37mm anti-tank guns in World War II to break up Japanese banzai charges.[6][7]. The weapon could be both shoulder fired or fired from a prone position. The APERS [anti-personnel] canister is a gun launched ammunition (round). The technique involves a howitzer firing a high explosive (HE) shell using a mechanical time-super quick (MTSQ) artillery fuze set to cause an airburst over a target in very close proximity to the firing gun's position. A flechettefleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. The M795 is a 155mm high fragm… The Royal Artillery Museum at Woolwich, London, holds examples of two early 18th century experimental French wide bore cannon—flattened tubes intended to scatter canister wide but in one horizontal plane. Recoilless rifles are capable of firing artillery-type shells at reduced velocities comparable to those of standard cannon, but with greater accuracy than anti-tank weapons that used unguided rockets, and almost entirely without recoil. In the first shot you can see the ball that takes out the camera.The second is a slow motion shot of and APERS round fired from a tank. General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems – Canada offers various types of ammunition, ranging from armour penetration and anti-personnel, to ammunition for built-up areas as well as special features like smoke and illumination. They are usually used for long-range indirect bombardment support on the battlefield. The canister itself was usually made of tin, often dipped in a lacquer of beeswax diluted with turpentine to prevent corrosion of the metal. According to military historians, the Scovil Model 1907M, 75MM Anti-Personnel Artillery Round was a deadly military ordnance created to inflict the maximum number of casualties upon impact during the trench warfare of World War I. When filled with rubbish or scrap (rather than round bullets) the round could be known as scrapshot or langrage. The United States Army developed a canister round, the M1028, for the M1 Abrams' 120mm smoothbore gun in time for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The Area Denial Artillery Munitions (ADAM) is used for rapid, remote emplacement of point or tactical minefields used to restrict personnel … Cannister was always carried by British artillery in its 19th century campaigns and quite widely used. The most stable firing position was from the tripod developed for the water-cooled Browning M1917 machine gun. The task force lacked both anti-tank guns and effective infantry anti-tank weapons, having been equipped with obsolescent 2.36-in. Canister shot has been used since the advent of gunpowder-firing artillery in Western armies. At times when the supply of balls was limited, nails, scrap iron or lead, wire, and other similar metal objects were included. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. 3. The canister round was for anti-personnel use and functioned like a large shotgun shell, firing 122 3 … The duration refers to the self-destruct time, which is set at the time … A recoilless rifle, recoilless launcher or recoilless gun, sometimes abbreviated "RR" or "RCL" is a type of lightweight artillery system or man-portable launcher that is designed to eject some form of countermass such as propellant gas from the rear of the weapon at the moment of firing, creating forward thrust that counteracts most of the weapon's recoil. A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. The mines carried by these projectiles are the M67 long-duration anti-personnel mines and M72 short-duration anti-personnel landmines intended to maim or kill enemy combatants and/or civilian bystanders. The Ordnance QF 95-mm howitzer was a British howitzer built in two versions during the Second World War. It could also be employed in an anti-personnel role with the use of the M590 antipersonnel round. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). The M795 is made of high fragmentation (HF1) steel and uses a welded rather than a swaged rotating band that encircles the body close to the base. The mines carried by these projectiles are the M67 long-duration anti-personnel mines and M72 short-duration anti-personnel landmines intended to maim or kill enemy combatants. At times, trained artillerists would fire the canister shot towards the ground in front of advancing enemy troops, causing the conical pattern to flatten out as the balls ricocheted and skipped off the terrain. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle air burst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of Beehive. The intercept capability of C-RAM is effectively a land version of weapons such as the Phalanx CIWS radar-controlled rapid-fire gun … This can be used against enemy infantry even when in proximity to friendly armoured vehicles, as the projectiles do not penetrate armour. High explosive and canister rounds were also available. The T3 front grip doubled as an adjustable monopod and the two-piece padded T3 shoulder cradle could swing down and to the rear as a bipod for the gunner. Canister shot has been used since the advent of gunpowder-firing artillery in Western armies; however, canister shot saw particularly frequent use on land and at sea in the various wars of the 18th and 19th century. At the Battle of Waterloo, in 1815, Mercer's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, fired a roundshot and a canister from each gun as a double-shot. Grapeshot used fewer larger projectiles than were contained within canister or shrapnel shells.[1]. Shell Shell, as its name implies, is a hollow iron p… Archaeologists have also retrieved conglomerations of lead shot, nails, spikes and glass from the site. Beehive is an anti-personnel round fired from an artillery gun. Canister shot is a kind of anti-personnel artillery ammunition. At times, particularly at very close range, artillery crews would fire extremely lethal "double canister," where two rounds were loaded into the gun tube and fired simultaneously using a single charge. Both were useful for counter-battery fire or attacking fortifications; the superior power of the rifle bolt was the technological development that made masonry fortifications obsolete, a fact graphically demonstrated by the ease with which the walls of Fort Pulaski were breached early in the War. Originally the term referred to smaller guns that could accompany a field army on the march, that when in combat could be moved about the battlefield in response to changing circumstances, as opposed to guns installed in a fort, or to siege cannons and mortars which are too large to be moved quickly, and would be used only in a prolonged siege. Artillery Training Ammunition The 155mm MR103 is a cost-effective training round without a main explosive charge. One classification is based on the manner in which the components are assembled for loading and firing. Canister is still used today in modern artillery. ARTILLERY TERMS: ARTY: 'Artillery'. 105mm cargo cartridge; Anti-Personnel Improved Conventional Munition (APICM) Cartridge, 105mm: Anti-Personnel-Tracer, M546 105mm APERS-T "Beehive" flechette cartridge In addition it can be used to create entry points to buildings, reduce wire obstacles and clear heavy vegetation, as well as strike low flying aircraft and helicopters.[2]. Entering production in 1941, it quickly gained a reputation for accuracy and a powerful punch. Solid Shot For smoothbores, cast-iron solid shot is the familiar spherical cannonball; for rifles, the elongated projectile is called a “bolt”. Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer [3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. The canister round is known as a case, so canister was sometimes called case shot and the term has confusingly become generic for grapeshot and shrapnel shells. 3-3,4) (Slide #6) Artillery ammunition can be classified in many ways. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. For storage and transport, an energy absorbing lift plug is threaded into the nose cavity. Artillery on Seminary Ridge skipped canister shot at Alfred M. Scales's approaching Confederate infantry, breaking up their attack and forcing them to take cover in a depression. It may be fired from, for example, a tank or artillery piece. Self-propelled artillery is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its target. The M18 was a breech-loaded, single-shot, man-portable, crew-served weapon. 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